My research revolves around natural hazards, the socioeconomic impacts of disasters and geospatial data analysis.
Work in Progress
Mapping the Response of Population Movements to Hurricane Harvey with Cellphone GPS Location Data, with M. Oppenheimer, M. , E. Kalhor, A. Zhang, and S.-M. Cheong
Lackner, S., Pennerstorfer D., Sinabell F., and C. Small. The Relationship between Nightlight and Socioeconomic Variables at High Spatial Resolutions. Working Paper
Lackner, S. A Matter of Measurement: Earthquake Shaking is a Better Predictor for Impacts than Magnitude. Working Paper
Earthquakes and economic growth
Natural disasters are known to have devastating immediate impacts, but their long-run effect on economic growth is not well understood. For the natural hazard of earthquakes, this paper provides the first global empirical study on this topic that applies a measure of the exogenous physical hazard responsible for earthquake impacts, earthquake ground shaking. I exploit the random within-country year-to-year variation of shaking to identify the causal effect of earthquakes on economic growth. To construct a panel dataset with country-year observations of earthquake exposure and socioeconomic variables, I combine the universe of relevant earthquake ground shaking data from 1973 to 2015 with country-level World Bank indicators. I find negative long-run growth impacts for an average country comparable with recent findings for climate-related natural disasters. A typical earthquake reduces GDP per capita by 1.6% eight years later, with substantial heterogeneity by country categories. In particular, low and middle-income countries experience the greatest long-run economic damages while high-income countries may even experience some positive “building back better” effects. Based on an analysis of alternative spatial aggregation approaches, I find earthquake impacts are driven by local high-intensity events rather than spatially diffuse exposure to lower intensity shaking.
Lackner, Stephanie (2018) : Earthquakes and economic growth, FIW Working Paper, No. 190, FIW – Research Centre International Economics, Vienna, http://hdl.handle.net/10419/194225
Earthquakes on the surface: earthquake location and area based on more than 14 500 ShakeMaps
Earthquake impact is an inherently interdisciplinary topic that receives attention from many disciplines. The natural hazard of strong ground motion is the reason why earthquakes are of interest to more than just seismologists. However, earthquake shaking data often receive too little attention by the general public and impact research in the social sciences. The vocabulary used to discuss earthquakes has mostly evolved within and for the discipline of seismology. Discussions on earthquakes outside of seismology thus often use suboptimal concepts that are not of primary concern. This study provides new theoretic concepts as well as novel quantitative data analysis based on shaking data. A dataset of relevant global earthquake ground shaking from 1960 to 2016 based on USGS ShakeMap data has been constructed and applied to the determination of past ground shaking worldwide. Two new definitions of earthquake location (the shaking center and the shaking centroid) based on ground motion parameters are introduced and compared to the epicenter. These definitions are intended to facilitate a translation of the concept of earthquake location from a seismology context to a geographic context. Furthermore, the first global quantitative analysis on the size of the area that is on average exposed to strong ground motion – measured by peak ground acceleration (PGA) – is provided.
Lackner, S.: Earthquakes on the surface: earthquake location and area based on more than 14 500 ShakeMaps, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1665–1679, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-1665-2018, 2018.
Gulf Coast parents speak: children’s health in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Jaishree Beedasy, Elisaveta P. Petkova, Stephanie Lackner & Jonathan Sury
This paper examines the physical and mental health of children following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (DHOS). A multi-stage sampling design was used to select households for inclusion in the study. Data was obtained from parental interviews (n=720) in the harder-hit areas of Louisiana in the US Gulf Coast. Three out of five parents reported that their child had experienced physical health symptoms and nearly one third reported that their child had mental health issues since the oil spill. Both direct physical exposure and indirect economic exposure were found to be predictors of physical and mental health issues among the children. Our findings contribute to bridge the research gap on the impacts of the direct and indirect exposures of the DHOS on the health of children. The study underscores the importance of understanding the health and recovery trajectories of children and youth exposed to disasters. Knowledge gained from this study together with the emerging literature on the effect of the oil spill disaster on children can contribute towards more evidence-based public health policies and enhance the recovery of children and their families in the aftermath of disasters.
Jaishree Beedasy, Elisaveta P. Petkova, Stephanie Lackner & Jonathan Sury (2020) Gulf Coast parents speak: children’s health in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Environmental Hazards, DOI: 10.1080/17477891.2020.1772188
Sinabell F., Böhs G., Lackner S., Pennerstorfer D., Habersack H., Löschner L., Samek R., Schober B., and W. Seher. 2016. Natural Hazards and the Impact on Länder Budgets in Austria, Austrian Institute of Economic Research.
Sinabell F., Pennerstorfer D., and S. Lackner. 2016. An Economic Assessment of Torrent and Avalanche Control Measures in Austria. The Supply of Protective Constructions and Future Demand, Austrian Institute of Economic Research.